It was argued that even in order to increase the participation rate of special employment workers in the national pension, it is necessary to relax the requirements for recognition of worker’s character in the social insurance system and make it mandatory for employers to register for membership.
On the afternoon of the 7th, at the ’20th Presidential Public Pension Debate’ held at the Federation of Trade Unions in Jung-gu, Seoul hosted by the National Action for Public Pension Enhancement, Joo Eun-seon, a professor of social welfare at Kyonggi University, made a presentation. Professor Joo said, “In addition to the changes in the requirements for workers’ qualifications in the Labor Standards Act, changes need to be made first in social insurance-related laws, including the National Pension Act. It is necessary to take note of what is there.”
Professor Joo pointed out that Korea’s National Pension System is being operated as a system in which special employment workers are also subject to compulsory participation, but can choose whether to join or not depending on the situation. The classification system for the National Pension Enrollment is divided into workplace insured and regional insured because specially-employed workers can be treated as both a worker category and a self-employed person. The 11 special employment workers interviewed by Prof. Joo also had different types of subscriptions: △insured at the workplace (1) △local subscriber (3) △stopped payment (2) △no history of insurance premium payment (3).
Professor Joo pointed out that it is necessary to expand the concept of workers in the social insurance system first in order to increase the participation rate of workers in special employment. According to the Labor Standards Act, workers’ character is not applied mutatis mutandis, but it is possible to expand worker’s character, including economic dependence, regardless of the contract type. In the case of France, the social insurance system applies to wage workers as “a single or multiple employers, regardless of age, nationality, or gender, regardless of the nature or amount of benefits received, and the form, nature and validity of the contract concluded. It is broadly defined as “a person who works for
It is also necessary to strengthen the social responsibility of business owners. Professor Joo said, “If the definition of a worker obligated to join in the National Pension Act is irrespective of the contract type or the nature of the salary, the employer will have an obligation to report insurance eligibility even for specially employed workers,” said Professor Joo. and illegal cases need to be specified,” he said.