‘Interpreting’ my child’s report card… That’s easy, right?

If you know the meaning of various entrance exam terms in the mock test report card and school record book, you can understand the complex college entrance examination more easily. File photo

“Standard scores, percentiles, actual student record ratio… . No matter how many times I listened to it, it didn’t feel right. In order to understand the pouring news of the entrance exam, we have to look at the basic terms, but it is not easy.” Jo Sung-hee said that the child will be entering high school soon. When the child reaches 1st year of high school, the full-fledged ‘admission race’ begins. Both children and parents are nervous as they are about to take the national joint academic performance evaluation (Hakpyeong) on ​​March 24. Cho said, “Senior parents said, ‘It’s important to do well in mock exams and academic reviews, but it’s helpful for the child to be able to properly analyze the results.’ It is not without difficulties as it is a job to search for each one.” Most parents analyze their child’s report card only to the extent of ‘If it’s 1st grade, it’s good, if it’s 2nd grade, it’s okay, if it’s 3rd grade, it’s disappointing’. As information power is important in college entrance exams, you need to know the meaning of numbers, words, and entrance exam terms that express your grades in order to absorb high-quality information. Let’s take a look at the meaning of entrance exam terms that seem familiar but are confusing, such as standard scores and percentiles.

How do you read the ‘Certificate Report’?

If you look at your high school transcript, there is a ‘completion unit’. Usually, the number in parentheses next to or below the subject name, such as mathematics or Korean, is the unit of completion. (4) and (3) are written under the subject name. The unit of completion is the number of lessons allocated to the subject in a week, and tells you how many times your child took the class in a week. For example, ‘Mathematics (4)’ means that you took math classes 4 times a week (Mon, Wed, Thu, Fri). The number of units in mathematics is 4. The reason why the completion unit is important is that most of the university entrance examinations always look at the importance of each subject according to the completion unit when considering high school records. For example, it is said that the scores of ordinary subjects taken three or four times a week are reflected more significantly than arts and physical education subjects, which are only held once or twice a week. In the entrance exam, the final total score is 100, which means that even for the same students, a student with a high English score of 4 completion units is more advantageous than a student with a high art score of 1 completion unit. If it is difficult to calculate the grade, grade percentage, and grade grade linked to the completion unit, you can check it by searching the Internet for ‘Scholarship Grade Calculator’. When determining high school grades, not only paper-based tests such as midterm and final exams, but also performance evaluation scores are added together. For this reason, do not put all your energy into preparing for the paper-based test, and you must faithfully submit your usual performance evaluation tasks to get a good grade as a result.

What does percentile mean?

When you are in high school, you need to pay attention to your mock test scores. The test score report contains the child’s standard score, percentile, grade, and number of test takers. In the mock test score report, it is important to look at the percentile, which can determine the child’s position among the total test takers. The grade score is divided into only 9 sections, so you need to carefully check the percentile, where you can find out the child’s ability in detail. Percentile is an index indicating the proportion of students who have a lower raw score than themselves among all test takers who took the same mock test. In a nutshell, the percentile is the ‘proportion of the number of students who score lower than me’. Let’s consider the case where the percentile of the child’s Korean language domain is 97. This means that 97% of the number of students who have lower scores on the Korean language than our children. To put it simply, if there are 100 candidates and the percentile is 97, it means that you are 3rd out of 100. The percentile is an indicator that indicates the position of the applicants when the applicants are divided into 100 equal parts. The top 4% of all applicants are ranked as 1st grade, and 11% of all candidates excluding 1st grade are ranked as 2nd grade, and sequentially up to 9th grade. give Let’s take a look at the standard scores often seen in the news of the entrance exam. The moment most parents see the standard score, they say, “Isn’t the test a perfect score of 100? Why is the child’s score 128?” he wonders. The standard score is an indicator that tells whether my score is higher or lower than the national average for each subject. Let’s assume that your child’s standard Korean score is 134. The standard scores for Korean, math, and English are out of 200, meaning that the higher the standard score, the more difficult the test. The harder the test, the lower the average. If the news about the entrance exam says, ‘The standard score for Korean and math went up by 10 points each in this test,’ it can be interpreted as a so-called ‘impossible test’ or ‘a difficult test’. The raw score is literally the mechanical sum of the points given to one correct question. The raw score is very useful when a child takes a provisional score right after taking a mock test, but the raw score is not reflected in colleges. Since the difficulty level of Korean, math, and English is not the same every year, standard scores are used so that students who are good at specific areas do not have any disadvantages.

Let’s learn the terminology of the student record

School life record (student record) refers to high school grades and all other records. The elements of the student record are broadly divided into ‘subjects’ and ‘comparative subjects’, which, in simple terms, refers to test scores such as midterm and final exams. In the non-department section, the status of extracurricular activities such as attendance, awards, and qualifications are recorded. The student record can be viewed by entering the educational administration information system NEIS. You will come across the word ‘se-teuk’ a lot. It is an abbreviation of detailed abilities and special features. It is often called ‘self-introduction for each subject written by the teacher’. It is a data that the teacher of each subject observes the students participating in the class and comprehensively records the learning attitude, assignments, achievements, and special matters. Teachers record in the ‘special column’ how their child performs presentations, discussions, inquiry assignments, and cooperative projects during class. Let’s also know about the ‘real reflection ratio of the student record’. Most colleges and universities reflect the grades of the third year of high school when selecting students. The actual reflection ratio of the student record refers to the ratio that the student record actually affects the total score of the admissions process. For example, suppose that the admission method of a certain university is ‘50% student record + 50% CSAT’ and the total score is 800 points, but the highest point in the student record is 400 points and the lowest point is 320 points. In this university, the actual effect of the student’s department on the total score is 80 points (400 points – 320 points), and the actual reflection ratio is 10% ((80÷800)×100). When making a career plan with your child, you decide your desired university and major, then go to the website of the school’s admissions office, download the application guide, and take a look at it together.

Should I use the ‘University Information Portal’?

If you are standing at the starting line of the entrance exam race, you also need to have an overall understanding of the high school curriculum. If the minimum unit required for graduation is 204 hours, it can be calculated by dividing it into six semesters over three years. Usually, it turns out that students need to study 6-7 hours a day. The 204 units include various courses such as changche (creative experiential activities), club activities, and volunteer activities. The most important thing in the entrance exam is information skills. Get the latest information from verified places such as school alerts (www.schoolinfo.go.kr), college admission information portals (www.adiga.kr), and Korea Association of University Education (www.kcue.or.kr) and visit the website or phone. It is also a good idea to get a free consultation through On the official YouTube channel of the Korea University Education Council, video information to help you plan your entrance exam strategy, such as introduction of departments and majors by university, interviews with admissions officers, teacher columns, campus tours, special features for students, admission preparation know-how, special features for prospective candidates, and the latest college issues is coming up By Kim Ji-yoon, staff reporter [email protected]


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