In the midst of internal disputes between the Ministry of Economy, on which the Ministry of Energy depends, and the auditors of the National Entity for Electricity Regulation (Enre) and Enargas, close to Vice President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, the segmentation of tariffs remains an unresolved issue. It has not yet been confirmed how the scheme will be implemented, which was announced from the beginning of Alberto Fernández’s administration and which would allow him to advance with a reduction in subsidies, one of the key issues in the negotiation of the agreement with the International Monetary Fund.
From the sectors close to the vice president, to whom the Undersecretary of Electric Power, Federico Basualdo, and the Enargas comptroller, Federico Bernal, respond, they assure that the delays in moving forward with the segmentation are the responsibility of the Ministry of Economy. And this Friday, details of how the scheme they propose and that they carried out together with the Conicet transcended.
From the sectors close to the vice president, to whom the Undersecretary of Electric Power, Federico Basualdo, and the Enargas comptroller, Federico Bernal, respond, they assure that the delays in moving forward with the segmentation are the responsibility of the Ministry of Economy
For this reason, this Friday, the Secretary of Energy came out to clarify that the segmentation proposals made by Enre, Enargas and Conicet are being worked on by the Undersecretary of Planning, which together with the team of the Ministry of Economy, which is in charge of the design of the tool. “It will be applied when the Government makes the decision,” he said without further details.
What is the tariff segmentation proposal?
The initial idea was to segment according to the economic capacity of each household, but due to the complexity of the issue, it was decided to begin by identifying “compact and homogeneous” areas of the AMBA where the properties have more real estate value. The presented work proposes that people residing in these areas pay a higher rate. Meanwhile, the beneficiaries of the social rate, who live in those areas, would be exempt from the removal of subsidies.
With that methodology Around 487,000 residential users of the AMBA were identified, representing 10% of the total. More than three quarters of these users are in the city of Buenos Aires, in Puerto Madero and in a large part of the neighborhoods of Recoleta, Palermo, Belgrano and Núñez, a part of Colegiales, some blocks of Villa Urquiza, Retiro, Saavedra and Villa Devoto and an area of Caballito.
In Greater Buenos Aires, meanwhile, 67,800 users were identified, who live in a specific area called “el bajo” made up of the districts of Vicente López and San Isidro. There are also 48,000 users from the 466 countries and other closed urbanizations registered by the GBA.
It is also proposed to remove subsidies to users who carry out activities that are characterized by having dollarized prices or external financing, that have high profitability or belong to non-tradable markets (so they do not have competition with the outside). In this first stage, progress will be made through the following activities:
Financial sector; highway concessionaires; Urban and suburban passenger rail transport; Generation, transportation and distribution of electricity and transportation and distribution of gaseous fuels; Services of extraterritorial organizations and bodies (embassies); Games of chance and bets.
As clarified, the work considered that the users who are beneficiaries of the Social Rate will continue under that regime and in no case will they be included in the removal of subsidies. To request the continuation of the subsidy, users must complete a form with data that confirm that they do not have the economic capacity to face the full cost of the electricity rate.