Emmanuel Macron demanded that the Iranian regime comply with all its obligations of the nuclear pact

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi (Reuters)

The French president, Emmanuel Macron, asked his Iranian counterpart, Ebrahim Raisi, on Sunday to show a “constructive” disposition in the negotiations on its military nuclear program and that fully apply the obligations set out in the agreement signed in 2015.

In the “long” telephone conversation between the two heads of state, as explained by the Elysee in a statement, Macron reiterated his conviction that “a diplomatic solution is possible and imperative” on that matter.

Also that for the negotiations to end with a commitment, “clear and sufficient commitments from all parties” will be necessary. He affirmed that France is working for this with all the countries involved.

Tehran has been discussing for a few months in Vienna with Germany, France, the United Kingdom, China and Russia, as well as with the United States indirectly, on how to save the 2015 agreement.

This agreement established a series of restrictions on the Iranian nuclear program aimed at preventing that country from acquiring the atomic bomb in exchange for the progressive lifting of the sanctions that weigh heavily on its economy.

Centrifuges of the Iranian nuclear program (WANA/Reuters)
Centrifuges of the Iranian nuclear program (WANA/Reuters)

However, after becoming president of the United States in 2017, Donald Trump withdrew his country from the international agreement in 2018 and re-imposed sanctions on Tehran, which replied a year later by failing to comply with the limits imposed on its nuclear program with a greater accumulation of enriched uranium.

The objective of the current talks in Vienna is for the United States, from 2021 under the baton of President Joe Biden, to rejoin the agreement and for Iran to once again fully comply with the restrictions on nuclear development, for which it calls for the lifting of the sanctions.

“Several months after the resumption of the negotiations in Vienna, he insisted on the need to accelerate to quickly achieve tangible progress”, added the text of the French government.

For its part, the Iranian presidency said, in a statement after the dialogue with Macron, that “in the negotiations, the Islamic Republic has shown its willingness and seriousness to reach an agreement, and any effort by the other party in this regard must include the lifting of sanctions, verification and significant guarantees”.

Macron and Raisi also spoke of other international issues, especially the situation in Lebanon and the security conditions in the Persian Gulf.

The French president, according to the Elysee, “strongly” condemned the recent attacks on the United Arab Emirates by Yemen’s Houthi rebels, backed by Iran. The two heads of state – always according to the same French sources – agreed that a “political solution” to the conflict in Yemen must be found.

Macron took advantage of the conversation with Raisi to express their “concern” about the situation of the Frenchman Benjamin Briere and about the new imprisonment of the researcher Fariba Adelkhah, for whom they demanded “immediate release”.

Fariba Adelkhah
Fariba Adelkhah

Brière was sentenced to eight years in prison in Iran this week for espionage and eight months for propaganda against the Tehran regime. A sentence that the French authorities have described as “unacceptable” because “it is not based on anything”.

This 36-year-old man, who according to Paris was in Iran on a tourist trip, was arrested in May 2020 for using a camera drone and taking images of areas that Iran considers prohibited in a desert area near the border with Turkmenistan.

The French-Iranian anthropologist Fariba Adelkhah had been sentenced in 2020 to five years in prison in Iran for “collusion to undermine national security”. Since October 2021, he was no longer behind bars, but under house arrest in Tehran, controlled with an electronic bracelet.

However, last week she was imprisoned again on the grounds that she had repeatedly violated the house arrest regime.

(With information from EFE)


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