According to a study, university graduates from eastern Germany are more likely to look for their first job in western Germany. The city states of Hamburg and Berlin are particularly popular. But southern Germany is also benefiting from the influx.
Cologne – Packing moving boxes with a diploma in your pocket: After graduating from university, many young people continue to move away from East Germany.
According to a study by the University of Maastricht and the job placement portal Jobvalley, the federal states of Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg and Thuringia are in a particularly bad position.
Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Hamburg or Berlin
In Saxony-Anhalt, the so-called emigration balance is 63.1 percent and thus about as high as in a survey from 2019. For every 1000 graduates there, there are only 369 prospective job starters who want to stay in Saxony-Anhalt or want to go there. In Thuringia and Brandenburg, bloodletting of young professionals is similarly high, in Saxony and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania it is lower.
On the other hand, two city-states are very attractive for university graduates: Hamburg has an immigration balance of 115.4 percent – roughly speaking, twice as many university graduates from Germany want a job in the Hanseatic city as there are graduates there. Berlin is also popular (plus 67.7 percent). However, both values were even higher in the 2019 study. Bavaria (plus 15.2 percent) and Baden-Württemberg (14.3 percent) also have positive balances.
The attraction of Berlin and Hamburg is fading somewhat
Looking at the figures, Jobvalley boss Eckhard Köhn says that Berlin, Hamburg and the industrially strong south benefit from well-trained university graduates, while locations in the new federal states often get nothing. “Even though they bear the high education costs for the students.”
In addition, Köhn points out that the strong appeal of Hamburg and Berlin has waned somewhat for young professionals – in the 2019 study, their migration balances were higher. Why is that? Köhn cites higher rents in these cities as one reason. The rent is “a huge expense” for the young professionals. “Both Hamburg and Berlin are showing explosive price increases here.” According to him, this contributed to the fact that some university graduates did not want a job in these cities.
The study is based on an online survey in which around 22,000 students and recent graduates took part nationwide in March and September 2021. The study published in 2019 is in turn based on a survey from September 2018 – so there is a gap of three years. dpa