The Ministry of Health and Social Protection reported this Saturday that the Pan American Health Organization and the World Health Organization (WHO) recertified Colombia as a country free of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome.
“Measles is a disease that has an occurrence in the affected population with high malnutrition and lack of adequate medical care and up to 10% of cases can result in death. The fatality rate in America can reach up to 30% in displaced groups and in the last four years morbidity has increased in nine countries. Measles kills and rubella maims,” said Claudia Cuéllar, deputy director of Communicable Diseases at the Ministry of Health and Social Protection.
Colombia was certified in 2014 as a measles-free country and the region of the Americas also achieved such certification in 2015, however, emerging outbreaks arose that led each country to work and achieve individual certification each year. to guarantee that they really are countries free of measles, rubella and congenital rubella.
The national health authority assured that the sustainability of the elimination of measles, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the Americas has been affected by the global covid-19 pandemic, as more gaps in immunity are emerging, as well as reductions in the performance of epidemiological surveillance indicators in almost all the countries of this region.
The decline in suspected measles and rubella cases in 2020 may be largely due to physical distancing and other pandemic control measures and may lead to a false sense of security regarding the transmission of measles and rubella cases, according to Ministry of Health.
Basic vaccination schedule in Colombia
It should be remembered that the authorities of different departments and municipalities have been advancing strategies to promote basic vaccination schemes, which are those that aim to deal with those diseases that were already known and for which there has been a vaccine for years.
It is also important to remember that in Colombia the basic vaccination scheme starts from the birth of the baby when the biological one against Tuberculous Meningitis is given in a single dose and another one against Hepatitis B.
The other vaccines are supplied to two months, four, six, seven, twelve and 18 months of age. Subsequently, children should continue with the scheme at five and nine years.
Apart from Hepatitis, vaccines are to prevent diseases such as Polio, Influenza, Diphtheria, Whooping Cough, Tetanus, Rotavirus, Pneumococcus, Measles, Rubella, Mumps and Yellow fever, among others.
What are vaccines?
Vaccines are very important for the health care of the entire community, since they are responsible for protecting us from numerous very serious diseases that affect boys and girls above all.
vaccinations are obtained by inactivating or weakening the microorganism that causes the disease, so that when it is applied to a person, the body produces defenses against that disease, which will protect it from suffering it, explained the Ministry of Health.
It is worth remembering that the Colombian vaccination schedule It is endorsed by the Colombian Society of Pediatrics (SCP) and the Colombian Association of Infectious Diseases (ACIN), among other.