The Honduran private sector asks to ratify the maritime treaty with Nicaragua

Tegucigalpa, Jan 17 (EFE).- The Honduran private sector asked the Parliament of the Central American country on Monday to ratify the boundary treaty signed by Honduras and Nicaragua, in which they define their borders in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The Honduran Council of Private Enterprise (COHEP) indicated in a statement that the “Bicentennial Integration Treaty” is the result of “a friendly negotiation” to comply with and execute the sentence issued on September 11, 1992 by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), in The Hague, on the delimitation in the Pacific Ocean. The treaty can only enter into force when it is approved by the Honduran National Congress, published in the Official Gazette and deposited with the United Nations General Secretariat, he added. “As the leading organization of the business sector, we urge the National Congress so that, with the greatest sense of urgency and due to its historical importance, the Bicentennial Maritime Limits Treaty is approved,” said Cohep. The treaty was signed on October 27, 2021 in Managua by the Honduran president, Juan Orlando Hernández, and his Nicaraguan counterpart, Daniel Ortega, and a day later the Nicaraguan Parliament urgently ratified it with 88 votes in favor, none in favor. against and no abstentions. The Honduran private company highlights that the treaty was signed 30 years after the ruling issued by the International Court of Justice, which recognized the “joint right of the three coastal States of the Gulf of Fonseca to project maritime spaces (territorial sea, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf) in the Pacific Ocean”. He added that article 11 of the Honduran Constitution affirms that the country “its territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf belong to the country and that with regard to the Pacific Ocean, the previous measures will be counted from the line of closure of the mouth of the Gulf of Fonseca, towards the high seas”. On October 31, the Honduran Executive delivered to Parliament the boundary treaty signed by the two Central American countries, which also recognized and accepted the 2007 ICJ ruling that establishes the maritime limits in the Caribbean Sea.In addition, they agreed to review the land borders every ten years in mixed commissions and recognized the tripartite presence of three countries in the Gulf of Fonseca, from the Amapala point to the Cosiguina point.

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