By Nayara Figueiredo
SAO PAULO, Jan 18 (Reuters) – Brazil’s coffee crop could reach 55.7 million 60kg bags this year, the National Supply Company (Conab) estimated on Tuesday in its first forecast for the season, citing the negative effects of the climate in 2021.
The estimate represents an increase of 16.8% over last year, due to the positive biennial of the current cycle, but is below the record reached in 2020, the last year that coffee had a high cycle.
“The drop in production this year, compared to 2020, is a reflection of the adverse weather conditions recorded mainly between the months of July and August 2021,” Conab said in a report.
“Droughts and frosts that occurred with greater intensity in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná, impacted the physiological conditions of the coffee plantations,” he added.
The company believes that the yields, especially Arabica coffee, must have limited productive potential. Even so, the production of this variety should advance by 23.4% compared to the previous harvest, to 38.78 million bags.
A record is expected for the conilon-type grain, with an estimated harvest of almost 17 million bags.
“The increase of 4.1% with respect to the previous harvest combines an estimated increase of 3% in the planted area, from 375,200 hectares to 389,100 hectares, and a slight improvement in productivity of 0.4%, from 43.4 bags harvested per hectare cultivated at 43.6″.
The total area devoted to coffee cultivation, considering the two varieties, is estimated at 2.23 million hectares, an increase of 1.7% compared to the previous cycle.
(By Nayara Figueiredo; Edited in Spanish by Javier Leira)