Air quality in Tierra Amarilla today January 16, 2022 – ICAP Air Condition

Good (Sulfur dioxide 1.26 µg∕m3N) ICAGSO2

ICAP

Air Quality Index referred to Particles (ICAP) according to DS Nº 59/1998 of the Ministry General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic (MINSEGPRES) that establishes the Primary Quality Standard for Respirable Particulate Material MP10 and especially the levels that define situations Environmental Emergency.

Okay Regular Alert Premergencia Emergency
0 – 99 100 – 199 200 – 299 300 – 499 500 – Superior

Guide to understand the restrictions and measures regarding environmental air quality.

OKAY

Heating: Prohibition of the use of wood-fired heaters (except pellets) in the province of Santiago and the districts of San Bernardo and Puente Alto.
Control of Visible Smoke to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal inside the Americo Vespucio Ring and 4-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, from Monday to Friday.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles with a Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, from Monday to Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday.

Trucks “Restriction to Freight Transport, Without Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday.

Fixed Sources: Not Applicable

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burning throughout the Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: Not Applicable

REGULAR

Heaters: Prohibition of the use of wood-fired heaters (except pellets) in the province of Santiago and the districts of San Bernardo and Puente Alto.
Control of Visible Smoke to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal inside the Americo Vespucio Ring and 4-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, from Monday to Friday.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles with a Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, from Monday to Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday. Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, Without Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday.

Fixed Sources: Not Applicable Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burning throughout the Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: Not Applicable

ALERT

Heaters: Prohibition of the use of wood-fired heaters (except pellets) throughout the Metropolitan Region.
Control of Visible Smoke to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal inside the Americo Vespucio Ring and 4-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, from Monday to Friday.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles with a Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, from Monday to Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday.

Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, without a 4-digit Green Seal, from Monday to Friday.

Fixed Sources: Not Applicable

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burning throughout the Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: It is recommended to refrain from physical activity. The SEREMI of Education RM may recommend modifying physical activity in Educational Establishments.

PRE-EMERGENCY

Heaters: Ban on the use of wood-fired heaters, including pellets, throughout the Metropolitan Region.
Control of Visible Smoke to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal inside the Americo Vespucio Ring between 07:30 and 21:00 hours and 6-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, any day of the week.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles with a Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, from Monday to Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday between 07:30 and 21:00.

Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, Without Green Seal, 6 digits from Monday to Friday and 4 digits on weekends and/or holidays. Restriction to Freight Transportation, With Green Seal, 2 digits from Monday to Friday and 2-digit weekends and/or holidays

Fixed Sources: They paralyze point and group sources that have not proven, through isokinetic measurements, that their concentrations of particulate matter are lower than what is established by the Plan.

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burning throughout the Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: It is recommended to refrain from physical activity. The SEREMI of Education RM may recommend modifying physical activity in Educational Establishments.

EMERGENCY

Heaters: Ban on the Use of Wood-Fired Heaters includes pellets throughout the Metropolitan Region.
Control of Visible Smoke to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal inside the Americo Vespucio Ring and 8-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, any day of the week between 07:30 and 21:00.
4-digit restriction to Vehicles with a Green Seal, registered before September 1, 2011, any day of the week.

Motorcycles: 4-digit restriction, to Motorcycles registered before September 1, 2010, any day of the week between 07:30 and 21:00.

Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, Without Green Seal, 8 digits from Monday to Friday and 6 digits on weekends and/or holidays. Restriction to Freight Transportation, With Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday and 4-digit weekends and/or holidays.

Fixed Sources: Paralysis of Fixed Sources that do not meet their new PM Emission Annual Goals, according to the list of the SEREMI de Salud RM. See in: Website SEREMI de Salud.

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burning throughout the Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: It is recommended to refrain from physical activity. The SEREMI of Education RM may recommend modifying physical activity in Educational Establishments.

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
  • On pre-emergency and environmental emergency days, the use of masks is recommended for older adults, children, pregnant women and the chronically ill.
  • Prefer public transportation and/or share your car.
  • Keep your vehicle up to date on gas checks and change your engine oil before it expires.
  • Do not smoke inside your home, workplace or study.
  • When you buy a heater, make sure it is certified for emissions, energy efficiency, and safety.
  • Do not burn leaves or trash.
  • Report those who do not respect the measures adopted for alert, pre-emergency and emergency days. For more information, see the Complaints page.
  • Perform maintenance on your heater with the periodicity indicated by the manufacturer.
  • Proper use of heaters
  • Always use dry firewood (less than 25% humidity), distributed by established merchants.
  • Always use chopped firewood, do not burn whole logs.
  • In wood-burning heaters, start the fire only with paper and dry chips.
  • In wood-fired heaters, keep the flue fully open for at least 10 minutes after starting the fire or reloading the wood.
  • Constantly check the smoke outlet through the tube of your heater or wood stove. If visible, open your furnace flue to keep a flame alive. Never completely close the draft of your heater.
  • Prevent a layer of creosote and soot from forming on your barrel, as this increases the risk of ignition, decreases heating capacity and your stove pollutes more.
  • If you can, trade in your old heater for one with lower emissions and higher efficiency.
  • Favor the use of alternative fuels such as: gas, electricity, briquettes, petroleum derivatives, pellets, among others.
  • All firewood merchants must have a municipal patent, tax and forestry documentation, which proves the legal origin of the firewood.
  • Demand your ticket when buying firewood. With it you can assert your right as a consumer to exchange the product or refund the money if you are not satisfied with the purchase.

What is a contaminant?
Any element, energy, radiation, vibration or noise whose presence in the environment, at certain levels, may constitute a risk to the health of people, to the quality of life of the population, to the preservation of nature or to the conservation of heritage environmental.

What is air pollution?
Presence of pollutants in the atmosphere, such as dust, gases, or smoke, in quantities and for periods of time that are harmful to humans, wildlife, and property. These contaminants can be of natural origin or produced by man directly or indirectly.

What are the effects of air pollution?
Pollution is responsible for serious impacts on the health of the population with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. It is related to premature mortality events and hospital admissions, especially affecting people over 65 years of age, under 8 years of age, and those with chronic health problems (respiratory or cardiovascular). On the other hand, air pollution is responsible for producing negative impacts on ecosystems, by contributing to processes such as acid rain, the depletion of the ozone layer and the generation of photochemical smog, in addition to contributing to climate change.

What is Particulate Matter (PM)?

  • Particulate matter (PM) is an atmospheric pollutant that corresponds to those liquid or solid particles that are in suspension, being possible to classify it according to its diameter in PM10 (coarse) and PM2.5 (fine). The first is that in which the particles have a diameter of less than 10 microns (or micrometers) and the second, in which the particles have a diameter of less than 2.5 microns. For the same reason, the PM2.5 is contained in the PM10. There is also the so-called ultrafine PM, around 0.1 μm in diameter.
  • PM concentration is the time average value detected in the air and is measured in micrograms per normal cubic meter (μg/m3N).
  • Comparison of the size of a hair and fine beach sand with PM10 and PM2.5 particles

What is Respirable Particulate Matter?
Includes particles with a diameter of less than 10 μm, that is, PM10. These particles penetrate throughout the entire respiratory system to the lungs, causing irritation and influencing various diseases.

What is an Atmospheric Decontamination Prevention Plan?
It is an environmental management instrument that seeks to prevent primary or secondary environmental standards from being exceeded in a latent area. A latent zone is a geographical area in which the measurement of the concentration of pollutants in the air, water or soil is between 80% and 100% of the value of the respective environmental quality standard.

What is an Atmospheric Decontamination Plan?
It is an environmental management instrument designed to reduce the presence of pollutants to the levels set by primary or secondary standards in a saturated area. A saturated zone is a geographic area in which one or more environmental quality standards are exceeded.



Reference-www.infobae.com

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