Mexico has recovered from abroad 5 thousand 744 archaeological pieces considered national heritage during the first three years of the presidency of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, exhibited this Friday Marina Nunez, Undersecretary of Cultural Development.
In 2021 alone, the Government achieved the repatriation of 600 archaeological pieces from Germany, Canada, the United States, France, the Netherlands, Denmark, Australia and ItalyNúñez delved into the XXXIII Meeting of Ambassadors and Consuls of Mexico.
“Cultural and archaeological assets are property of the nation, inalienable and imprescriptible, whose export has been prohibited since 1827. The commercialization of these pieces constitutes a crime, since it promotes and contributes to illicit trafficking and transnational crime”
With President López Obrador, since December 2018, the Government of Mexico has intensified its claims of historical objects abroad.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (WED), the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic (FGR), the Ministry of Culture, the embassies and the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) they have intensified lawsuits against foreign governments to recover archaeological and artistic pieces.
“So far this Government has recovered an intense amount of cultural property, like never before. More than 5,500 cultural assets recovered in three years, had not happened in the 83 years of existence of the National Institute of Anthropology and History, “he said. Diego Prieto, director del INAH.
The INAH director asserted that Mexico has been reciprocal when returning parts to countries like Peru, Bolivia, Nigeria and Spain.
Although not always successful, the Government has fought auctions in cities like New York, Paris and Rome in which objects appear stolen or that belong to the patrimony of Mexico.
“Already in the auction houses they are already afraid of us, already when we enter they are monitoring, they do not know what is going to be done, but really this issue of fear has had an impact on the refunds,” he declared. Blanca Jimenez, Ambassador of Mexico in France.
A part of the recovered pieces are exhibited in the exhibition “The Greatness of Mexico”, which is from September 27 to April 24 at the National Museum of Anthropology of History and in the Ibero-American Hall of the Ministry of Public Education (SEP).
With these efforts, Mexico is considered “one of the forerunners” of heritage recovery, so the strategy will have “an expansive effect” on other countries, commented Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard.
“In essence what is it? Question the rights associated with the conquest, the use of force in communities and in international coexistence because 90% of the museums that you are going to visit in Europe are the result of conquest or invasions”, he stated.