For this week the National Meteorological Service (SMN) announced elevated temperatures with Maximum between 35 ° and 42 ° C, with record values that will be felt especially in Córdoba, Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos, Santiago del Estero and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.
That is why from the Ministry of Health of the Nation, through the Directorate of Adults and Older Persons of the National Directorate of Approach by Life Course, disseminated recommendations aimed especially at taking care of the health of the elderly possible heat stroke.
Although it is an issue that worries the entire population, those over 65 are a risk group and that is why it is essential to take measures to prevent these heat waves.
1- Increase in fluid consumption
You need to drink more fluids than usual, even if you are not thirsty. At that point they advise drinking two full glasses of water when waking up, at least 8 glasses during the day and one before going to bed.
You have to be attentive and pay attention to symptoms such as dull, scaly skin, weakness, confusion, dry mouth, and sunken eyes since they can be indicators of dehydration
Another point to keep in mind to avoid dehydration is control the color of urine. It should have a very light yellow color or be almost transparent. it should be very light yellow or almost transparent. The intense tone or strong smell could be a picture of dehydration. Regarding the frequency, they affirm that one should go to the bathroom as many times as in winter.
2- Avoid consuming alcoholic or highly sugary beverages and eating excessively
Food and hydration are fundamental axes to take into account when fighting the heat. That is why they advise avoiding the consumption of alcoholic or highly sugary beverages. In that sense they clarify that if they consume, it is necessary that it be in a moderate way and as long as there is no medical contraindication.
With regard to food, it is suggested that the portions are not very abundant and include fruits and vegetables.
3- Reduce physical activity and do not expose yourself to the sun
With regard to physical activity, they recommend reducing it. What’s more, It is important to stay in ventilated or conditioned spaces, with an interior temperature between 18 and 24 degrees. It is important that older adults do not expose themselves to the sun in the middle of the day and that they dress with light, loose-fitting and light-colored clothing.
In the moments when you walk in the sun it is advisable to cover your head with a cap or hat, or use a summer umbrella. From the National Health portfolio they also suggest, do not go out without company, take lukewarm baths and, if you feel any discomfort associated with the heat, contact and consult a health professional immediately.
4- Do not make sudden movements
It is recommended getting out of bed slowly and taking a few minutes before standing up to avoid a sudden drop in pressure and possible falls. Also, avoid going out if you feel dizzy or very affected by the heat.
5- Do not self-medicate
In addition to avoiding consuming medications not prescribed by a professional, the Health portfolio recommended consulting about the effects of regular medication on hot days. If you feel more tired than usual and lack energy, You can get a medical consultation or ask for help with normal tasks.
Heatstroke or high temperature can lower blood pressure causing fainting or falls.
Finally, they add that “before the appearance of intense thirst and dry mouth, temperature greater than 39ºC, excessive sweating, feeling of suffocating heat, dry skin, exhaustion, dizziness or fainting, stomach aches, poor appetite, nausea or vomiting, headaches, among others, must seek immediate medical assistance, move the affected person to the shade, to a cool and quiet place, and try to refresh them, wet their clothes and give them fresh water to drink ”.