Competition between presidential candidates for health care and welfare promises is unfolding. Justice Party presidential candidate Shim Sang-jung introduced the so-called ‘Sim Sang-jung Care’, a promise to pay only 1 million won in hospital expenses a year with one health insurance.
Candidate Shim held a press conference at the National Assembly Communication Center on the morning of the 29th and said, “This is a project that realizes the right to health of citizens that goes beyond the limits of Moon Jae-in Care.” Sim Sang-Jeong Care consists of three types of health insurance: △ one million won cap for one health insurance, △ all national doctor system, and △ one-stop industrial accident insurance.
“Introduction of the National Doctors System and One-Stop Industrial Accident Insurance”
The ‘one million won cap for one health insurance’ means that the patient only has to pay 1 million won a year regardless of any disease, treatment, or hospital cost. According to Candidate Shim, most Western welfare countries set an upper limit at 1 million won per year for medical expenses, and Germany sets an upper limit of 2% of annual income. Candidate Shim stipulated that “Moon Jae In Care is only half guaranteed.”
He said, “Unlike the goal of achieving 70% health insurance coverage, it rose 1.6 percentage points over three years from 62.6% in 2016 to 64.2% in 2019. There are many,” he pointed out.
The problem is resources. Candidate Shim argued that “the 1 million won cap system requires 10 trillion won per year. According to Candidate Shim, the amount paid by private health insurance in Korea was 53.1 trillion won as of 2018, which is equivalent to 55 trillion won in premiums paid to the National Health Insurance.
Candidate Sang-Jeong Shim came up with the idea of establishing a five-year plan for the introduction of the ‘the entire nation’s primary care physician system’, enacting a special law for attending physicians, and setting up a physician training course in all medical schools. The plan is to implement a ‘primary doctor’s pilot project’ with a population of 1 million and spread it across the country over five years.
Candidate Shim said, “The number of visits to doctors per Korean is 17 per year, 2.5 times higher than the OECD average of 6.8. There is an overabundance.”
‘One-Stop Industrial Accident Insurance’ aims to eliminate blind spots for platform and special employment workers and the self-employed. The plan is to introduce a pre-introduction-post-evaluation system in which medical institutions claim workers’ compensation insurance like health insurance, and a sickness and sickness allowance (70% of income) that allows you to take a break if you are sick regardless of the size of the business or the type of occupation.
Jaemyung Lee “Quality of life, up to 15th in the OECD within tenure”
Democratic Party presidential candidate Lee Jae-myung announced the next government’s new welfare pledge, saying, “I will raise the quality of life ranking from 30th in the OECD to 15th within the term of office.”
During a visit to the Korea Social Security Information Service in Gwangjin-gu, Seoul on the afternoon of the same day, Candidate Lee made this statement, saying, “It should be developed into an adequate livelihood guarantee for all citizens, not a minimum livelihood guarantee for the vulnerable.” Candidate Lee and former Democratic Party leader Lee Nak-yeon, who co-chairs the National Vision and National Integration Committee, joined together.
The core of the new welfare pledge unveiled on this day is to establish a minimum guarantee and adequate security through the ratification of the International Labor Organization (ILO) Social Security Convention. ILO No. 102, ‘Convention on Minimum Standards for Social Security’, sets out the minimum coverage and benefit levels for nine social security benefits, including sickness and sickness benefits, pensions, and workers’ compensation benefits.
The New Welfare Committee (co-chairs Park Gwang-on and Kim Yeon-myung), who prepared this pledge, said, “Korea immediately ratified the Convention because it meets the minimum standards set forth in Convention No. This is possible,” he said, adding, “At the same time as the ratification of the Convention, we will expand and improve systems that do not meet the minimum standards such as child allowance, sickness allowance, and national pension.”
The New Welfare Committee plans to announce its commitments to income, medical care, education, housing, labor, care services, environment, culture, and sports.