The pandemic is a reflector that exposes the inequalities between the north and south of the City

The population of the North Zone had a higher level of telework compared to those who live in the South of the City (EFE / María Alonso Martos)

Among so many modifications introduced in our lives by COVID-19 and analyzing the situation from the workplace, we can say that telework, which seems to have come to stay, urgently needs to take Provisions so that its impact on workers and urban space is as less negative as possible.

We are faced with a scenario in which we must avoid that the absence of regulations and adjustments cause a setback in the middle of the last century in labor rights, generate that the Microcenter and Macrocenter become empty spaces and accentuate that the Technological District loses its essence and purpose even more.

In this sense, the study carried out by the Economic Council of the City of Buenos Aires, a body created by the Buenos Aires Constitution, provides elements, tools and reflections so that indispensable and urgent precautionary measures can be taken.

As in other orders, in teleworking the pandemic has also been a reflector that exposed the consequences of pre-existing inequalities in CABA. Once again, the postponement of the South of the City creates imbalances: its population, being inserted in sectors of activity of less complexity in terms of the technologies used, obviously had a lower level of telework compared to the population of the North Zone.

And this is a logical consequence of the fact that the income levels, the educational level, the insertion in formal jobs, the facilities in access to transport and living in an adequate habitat are much lower in the South Zone when compared to the Central Zone and, particularly, with the North Zone.

Regarding the labor rights, it is of extreme necessity that the conditions in which telework is carried out, how much timetables, non-working days, etc. are respected, and what is the real provision of tools that companies offer to their employees to carry it out. In the same way, libraries and other spaces must be adapted in all Communes, so that workers can carry out their tasks in them remotely and prevent them from doing it from their homes, which in the City tend to be of limited space, affecting the development of the daily life of those who live with the teleworker.

In the Micro and Macrocenter it is necessary to act to prevent them from becoming a phantom and unviable space (Télam)
In the Micro and Macrocenter it is necessary to act to prevent them from becoming a phantom and unviable space (Télam)

About the Micro and the Macrocenter It is necessary to act to prevent empty offices, and their logical consequence of also empty shops and gastronomic premises, from generating a phantom and unviable space. The recovery of companies in these areas and access to housing in both geographical areas must be guaranteed for workers who carry out their tasks there and cannot do so remotely., such as those of Education, Health, Safety and Hygiene. It is only going in the direction proposed by the law that created the Sustainable Urban Development Fund.

A figure shows us the situation: The vast majority of those who worked in activities related to those who will no longer go to work in person live in the South of the City, the vast majority of whom live in the North of CABA.

And as for the Technology District from Parque Patricios and Nueva Pompeya is essential rethink it in the light that 61% of the companies based there have less than 50 employees and 24% less than 200, in addition to not having served to generate employment among those who live in the Commune in which it is settled, number 4, to the point that it is one of those with the fewest employees per number of inhabitants.

60% of those who work there reside in the North Zone and 39% in the Province of Buenos Aires. Tax benefits are part of what must be analyzed to apply them in another area where, perhaps, it is necessary to avoid that, as now, almost 70% of companies are software and 20% digital marketing.

In summary, the situation prior to the pandemic shows with regrettable clarity that In the five years 2015-2019 registered employment fell, the so-called “self-employed” increased and unregistered workers grew.

Adapting to the new labor realities cannot ignore these consequences and therefore it is essential to advance on their causes as soon as possible. It is in this sense that the Economic and Social Council of the City of Buenos Aires carried out the study and made its recommendations. No time should be wasted. The future has already begun.


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