Therapeutic pets: the role of animals in restoring bonds with affections during hospitalization

The benefits of pet-assisted therapy and since then, innumerable centers have repeated the experience and have shown incidence and benefits in mental and cardiovascular health, in pain management and other stressful situations

Health professionals recognize that hospitalization processes are a cause of stress for the patient, in addition to the stress that already causes the disease itself. However, they state that for these cases,it is important to work and reinforce restitution with your ties since the interactions during hospitalization help the patient by providing emotional stability, well-being and reinforcing their self-esteem. Thus arises pet therapy.

The appearance of this type of therapy dates back to 1861, but it was in 1995 when an article was published in JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), where they stood out the benefits of pet-assisted therapy and since then, countless centers have repeated the experience and have shown incidence and benefits in mental and cardiovascular health, in pain management and other stressful situations.

Currently, this therapy It is used in many cardiovascular, oncological and mental diseases and in chronic conditions.

In the “4-legged project”, pet visits are enabled for those who are going through an internment, as long as they comply with the institutional protocol and according to the patient's conditions.
In the “4-legged project”, pet visits are enabled for those who are going through an internment, as long as they comply with the institutional protocol and according to the patient’s conditions.

Liliana Ortega, IADT Chief of Pediatrics, explains: “Dr. Florencio Escardó, one of the founding fathers of pediatrics and promoter of joint mother-child hospitalization in the 1950s, sometimes“ prescribed a dog ”. Wrote “a dog” in the recipe. That’s all. Doesn’t it seem unthinkable that decades ago children would be hospitalized without their parents? On the other hand, pets are also company, comfort and confidants. They alleviate loneliness, fear and pain, collaborate with emotional stability ”, maintains the professional who comments that in the Pediatric Service of the Argentine Institute of Diagnosis and Treatment they devised the “4 legs project ”, in which Pet visits are enabled for those who are going through an internment, as long as they comply with the institutional protocol and according to the patient’s conditions.

“Our service also encourages and organizes the visit of siblings and grandparents in chronic patients and even in children admitted to Intensive Care. Why should pets be the exception? Everything that adds up, as long as it has scientific evidence, will be in our therapeutic repertoire ”, adds Ortega.

The love for a pet, both of a child and of an adult, is one of the most significant, positive and deep emotional ties that a person has
The love for a pet, both of a child and of an adult, is one of the most significant, positive and deep emotional ties that a person has

The love for a pet, both of a child and of an adult, is one of the most significant, positive and deep emotional ties that a person has. Pets have accompanied man since the dawn of humanity and in the case of children, particularly, developing an attachment to a pet has a positive effect on self-esteem, social and cognitive development.

Added to this, contact with the animal, hugging, kissing and caressing, produces a physical sensation of well-being that has a wonderful biological correlate through the release of a hormone called oxytocin. “This hormone is released in both dogs and humans during that interaction. Oxytocin is responsible for bonding (it is the birth hormone) and was shown to be elevated in children who kissed and had physical contact with their pet. On the other hand, a decrease in the release of hormones that mediate biological responses to stress has been shown “says Dr. Ortega.

Oxytocin is responsible for bonding (it is the birth hormone) and was shown to be elevated in children who kissed and had physical contact with their pet
Oxytocin is responsible for bonding (it is the birth hormone) and was shown to be elevated in children who kissed and had physical contact with their pet

Starting from the premise that a pediatrician not only cares for the child, but also his family, it is decided to incorporate pets as a key member of their environment. “It is obvious that the bond of a child with his parents or foster adults is irreplaceable, but those others, such as relatives, significant others and pets collaborate with the feeling of pleasure, well-being and emotional stability”, concludes the professional.

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Reference-www.infobae.com

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