In the recovery phase of COVID-19, the wage gap by employment type is widening. The job shock, which hit the worst last year, is somewhat easing, but the cold wave in the face-to-face service industry continues.
According to the Labor Force Survey of Businesses released by the Ministry of Employment and Labor on the 30th, as of the last business day of October, there were 19 million people employed in businesses with one or more employees, an increase of 188,000 from the same month a year ago (18,814,000 people). did. It is the first time since June 2009, when statistics began to be collected, that the number of business people exceeded 19 million.
The number of workers in businesses, which decreased due to the COVID-19 employment shock, switched to an increase in March of this year, and has continued to increase for the eighth month. Employment is recovering in both regular and temporary daily workers. Compared to a year ago, the number of regular workers increased by 157,000 and temporary daily workers by 32,000. The number of other workers, including special employment, decreased by 1,000. By industry, most industries, including manufacturing, health and social welfare, and information and communication industries, saw an increase. On the other hand, public administration and lodging and restaurant businesses declined. It is interpreted that this is because the government job project has come to an end, and the aftermath of COVID-19 is still raging in the face-to-face service industry.
Wages differed greatly by employment type. As of September, the total wage per worker was 3961,000 won, up 146,000 won (3.8%) from a year ago. The number of regular workers increased by 158,000 won (3.9%) to 4,197,000 won, and the number of temporary daily workers increased by 63,000 won (3.8%) to 1.71 million won. The wage gap widened from 2.39 million won in September last year to 2.487,000 won in September this year. An official from the Ministry of Labor said, “The wage growth rate for regular workers increased compared to the previous year due to the increase in special pay in the financial and insurance industry.” he explained.
The enterprise labor force survey is conducted on a sample of enterprises with permanent establishments. Workers who work without a permanent establishment in the construction industry, workers in the domestic service industry employed at home, and domestic contractors and agricultural workers in manufacturing are excluded from the survey.