This Thursday, with 28 signatures, it was presented at the Congress of the republic the motion of vacancy against the president Pedro Castillo. The project promoted by legislator Patricia Chirinos from Avanza País seeks removal due to permanent moral disability.
For Miguel Antezana, professor of the Corporate Communication Programs at ESAN Graduate School of Business, the vacancy is not the answer, nor will it solve the country’s problems. “Just as we say that the Constituent Assembly is not going to solve the country’s problems, neither will the vacancy by removing Castillo from power”.
He argued that although the President of the Republic is the head of the Executive, He is not the only one responsible for what happens in the country at an economic, political and social level. RHe recognized that his great weakness is not surrounding himself with prepared people; However, the events of the last few days seem to have pushed Castillo to turn towards other political sectors, and recruit people not related to Free Peru.
For the analyst, this could be a turn towards something that was raised from the beginning, which is a broad-based government and is not necessarily left-wing. In that sense, the vacancy is not the solution, the solution would be to help Castillo to be there for the next five years.
Regarding the presidential vacancy, Antezana pointed out that “it is a perverse mechanism, misused, and manipulated for political purposes.” And regarding the antecedent of moral incapacity, it comes from previous constitutions, but the concept is so broad, superfluous, intangible, and so strange that nobody could define it and set parameters.
“What can moral incapacity mean? Someone running a red light at a traffic light? Someone stealing a piece of candy? Not paying alimony? The concept is so broad. Furthermore, it comes from the last century and it referred to mental incapacity, that is what was originally meant ”, he pointed out.
It should be remembered that since 2000 it was the last presidential vacancy most remembered for Alberto Fujimori. However, since 2017 Parliament has tried to use this mechanism six times. The dismissal was sought twice with Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (December 2017 and March 2018), twice with Martín Vizcarra (September and November 2020, the latter being approved), an attempt with Francisco Sagasti (April 2021), and the current one with Pedro Castillo.
Antezana states that this constitutional resource of Congress has been misused for some years. He recalled that the Fujimori (Congressman Héctor Becerril) were the first to mention the vacancy at the beginning of the PPK term.
According to the specialist, the phrase of moral incapacity has lent itself to a perverse interpretation. He believes that there should be a constitutional reform, but the congressmen we have are not going to do it. “The political interests in the country suggest that they are not interested in changing this element of instability, to pressure the government. And those who lose out are all of us, citizens “, he referred.
WILL GO FOR BOLUARTE?
In the case of the vacancy request against Pedro Castillo, Antezana maintains that it is difficult for the same scenario to be repeated as when Vizcarra was vacated, and thousands took to the streets to protest. The case of the current president is different. For example, he has a vice president, something that the Moqueguano politician did not have.
“If they remove Castillo, the government of Peru Libre will not end, because Dina Boluarte She is in charge of the presidency, and to remove her they would have to make a new vacancy motion, but it would be a forced scenario, and it would make it more evident that all this is a political issue, just to remove Peru Libre from power. A vacancy against Boluarte would be quite uphill ”, the expert pointed out.
But if the case were to vacate Boluarte, the president of Congress would take over, and new elections would have to be called. In that case, would there be popular demonstrations? “The population would not react in support of Castillo, but they would react against the political game of Congress, which we remember has a disapproval of close to 80%.”
He recalled that the recent vacancy marches have not had a massive call. That does not mean that Lima is in favor of Castillo, but they are not in favor of the vacancy either, because many suspect that the issue is being manipulated by private interests.