High temperatures and diet: what foods to eat to avoid heat stroke

You have to drink plenty of fluids and if it is cold, better. This includes water, unsweetened juices and fresh infusions (Europa Press)

Heat stroke is a preventable and underdiagnosed disease. The Argentine Society of Intensive Care (SATI) warns that although it is rare, it is usually underestimated and it is necessary to take into account that the rise in body temperature triggers metabolic dysfunctions that can even lead to death.

The diagnosis of heat stroke is defined by elevated body temperature (typically, but not always, above 40 ° C) and multiple organ dysfunction which, if not treated promptly and adequately, can be fatal. An early diagnosis is necessary, an immediate drop in the body’s temperature and treating the bodily functions that may fail due to the lack of body thermoregulation.

The high temperatures in conjunction with a high percentage of humidity and absence of wind increase the rate of onset of heat stroke, a disorder that occurs more frequently in environments with temperatures above 32ºC.

Nutrition graduate Romina Pereiro (MN 7722) warned in Infobae that “on very hot days, especially under the sun’s rays, the body may respond unexpectedly and lose the ability to regulate internal temperature. This failure in the body’s cooling system generates the so-called heatstroke, a dangerous situation for our health, but that incorporating some recommendations is preventable ”.

The rise in body temperature triggers metabolic dysfunctions that can even lead to death (Europa Press)
The rise in body temperature triggers metabolic dysfunctions that can even lead to death (Europa Press)

Hydrate frequently

– Must drink plenty of fluids and if it is cold better. This includes water, unsweetened juices, fresh infusions. With high temperatures, the body’s requirement for fluids increases, so we must hydrate even more and don’t wait to be thirsty.

– Carry canteens or bottles with fresh water in your bag, backpack, car.

Consume light preparations, as natural as possible. Without a lot of fat. Choose fruits, smoothies, vegetables, salads, cakes, and prioritize home cooking.

To prevent lightning strike, avoid processed and high-fat foods (Europa Press)
To prevent lightning strike, avoid processed and high-fat foods (Europa Press)

Older adults and children, the most vulnerable

– We must take special care of children and the elderly, because they do not always express the need to hydrate. Offer fresh water more often. Minimum every one hour or one hour and a half.

Babies who are exclusively breastfed do not need to drink water, but you have to breastfeed them more often. They should not be exposed to direct sun for up to six months. It is necessary to wet their skin and consult with any reaction, diarrhea or vomiting.

Foods to avoid

Alcoholic and soft drinks

– Foods high in fat, sugar and sodium

Young children, like older adults, are the most vulnerable to high temperatures (Getty)
Young children, like older adults, are the most vulnerable to high temperatures (Getty)

The doctor otolaryngologist Stella Maris Cuevas (MN 81701), stated in Infobae that “heat stroke it is a disorder in which heat accumulates in the body and, for various reasons, the body is unable to eliminate it ”. To avoid this, in addition to eating advice, it is necessary to take into account:

– Dress in light and light clothing

– Wear hats and caps, even in the shade

– Avoid going out in the hours of greatest intensity of the sun’s rays (between 10 and 17 hours)

– Avoid physical activity outdoors between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m.

– Avoid spending a long time in very hot closed places

Avoid doing physical activity between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. to prevent heat stroke (Getty Images)
Avoid doing physical activity between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. to prevent heat stroke (Getty Images)

There are three symptoms related to heat stroke:

– Hyperthermia (increased body temperature)

– Alteration of consciousness

– History of staying in an unconditioned place

Furthermore, the presence of lethargy, asthenia, tiredness, lack of appetite, dizziness, buzzing, nausea and vomiting also point towards a diagnosis of heat stroke.

It is a medical emergency, the most important thing is to normalize the body temperature and bring it between 36.5 and 38 ° C, approximately, in a few minutes. Heatstroke can damage vital organs and you should avoid reaching that point.

Hydration is essential, in some occasions it is recommended to add drinks with salts and cool the body. The important thing is to keep in mind that you should always go to a medical center to receive adequate care.

KEEP READING:

Signs to Recognize and Avoid Heat Stroke
Manual to ventilate the environments in spring and in pandemic
Myths and truths about the use of air conditioning and its impact on health



Reference-www.infobae.com

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