The application of an additional or booster dose depends on different criteria in each case. In Argentina these doses have been administered since the beginning of this month, with different rhythm according to each district.
Throughout the country they have been applied so far 426,239 extra doses, between third doses and boosters, according to the figures available to the Infobae Data Unit.
On November 2, an additional dose of the vaccine to prevent COVID-19 began to be applied in the City of Buenos Aires and other districts, according to the latest recommendations issued by the Ministry of Health of the Nation.
Is that the health portfolio indicated the application of a third dose in defined population groups: people immunocompromised who have received a primary schedule with any vaccine against COVID-19. It is considered within this group who receive cancer treatment for solid and onco-hematological tumors, transplant recipients undergoing immunosuppressive treatment, people with moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency, and people with HIV.
It should also be received by people under active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or immunosuppressive medication, and people aged 50 years or older who have received a primary inactivated virus vaccine, such as Sinopharm, developed in China.
While the booster, for its part, is an additional dose, which “strengthens immunity periodically and the recommendations foresee applying it at least six months after having completed the primary two-dose schedule.”, as explained by the Minister of Health, Carla Vizzotti, last October 26 when announcing an extra dose.
Since the registry of those who register to be vaccinated is kept by each jurisdiction, which is the one in charge of giving shifts and monitoring each person to summon them for the second dose, and in this case third, the Ministry of Health of the Nation “has not nominalized the universe of the target population to be vaccinated at this stage”, as explained to Infobae from the health portfolio.
So things, La Pampa is the province that has applied the most third doses and reinforcements so far: with 18,359 inoculations, it covered 5.08% of its population of 361,394 inhabitants.
In quantity of third doses and reinforcements applied, the Pampean province is followed by San Luis, that with a population of 514,610 inhabitants of which 67.56% have already completed their two-dose schedule, 3.11% have already received the extra puncture.
Buenos Aires, the most populated province in the country, began to apply third doses this Wednesday and its population to be vaccinated in this instance is 500 thousand immunocompromised patients and 600 thousand over 50 who received Sinopharm, reported from the Buenos Aires Ministry of Health to this medium, while adding that “in December surely” they will begin to apply the booster doses.
According to the data updated until yesterday Thursday, Buenos Aires applied the third dose to 73,290 people, that is, 0.41% of the total population of 17,709,598 inhabitants.
In the City of Buenos Aires, as mentioned, they began to apply third doses and reinforcement doses on November 2, and as detailed to Infobae from that health portfolio, Its immunocompromised population to be vaccinated at this stage is 150,000 people (130,000 people over 50 years of age who received the complete Sinopharm scheme and 20,000 people with immunodeficiency). The rest of the 3,078,836 porteños will receive their additional dose as six months pass from the application of their second dose.
Thus, as long as the Buenos aires city has 73.71% of its population vaccinated with two doses of any of the available vaccines, Since the beginning of the month, 72,796 vaccines have already been applied as a third dose or booster dose, which represents 2.36% of its population.
With 1,130,320 inhabitants, the province that so far applied the least additional doses is Corrientes, which with 47.51% of its population with a full two-dose vaccination scheme, in this second instance inoculated 2,177 injections, which represents 0.19% of its population.
Consulted by Infobae about the pace of the vaccination campaign in the country, the doctor infectologist Roberto Debbag (MN 60253) analyzed that “In Argentina, the deceleration of the daily vaccinated rate has been observed for some time and the reason for this must come from an analysis that the Ministry of Health must carry out, specifically with two population groups.”
“On the one hand, young people between 18 and 40 years old, who slowed down the application of the second dose and it is necessary to study if it has to do with confidence in vaccines or access due to work, timetables, etc. highlighted the president of the Latin American Society of Pediatric Infectology (Slipe), who considered thatl another worrying point “is that vaccination in children under 11 years of age slowed down product of the distrust that was generated with the non-truths of the ministry and the inadequate processes of initial authorization that were endorsed by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics ”.
Along the same lines, for the pediatric infectious disease doctor Eduardo López (MN 37586), “Argentina has some variables that must be taken into account: first of all, there is still a 40% population (this is around 15 million people) to which the second dose should be applied, which is as important as giving the third because to prevent the Delta variant, which is the one that is predominantly circulating in the country, two doses are inexorably required, and on the other hand, apparently there is a very important group of around two million people who have not received any dose, which frankly is a very worrying issue”.
Regarding the application of third doses or booster doses as appropriate, Debbag opined that “They are absolutely necessary, fundamentally in the priority groups that are health workers and those over 60 years of age who are the ones who were vaccinated first.” “Of course, you should start with those over 80, 70, and work your way down as was done at the beginning of the campaign, but it is a concrete need since there are currently two pandemic patterns in the world: that of the not vaccinated or incompletely vaccinated and that of those vaccinated with two doses with comorbidities, said the infectologist. Those people who have two doses and suffer from an underlying disease are at risk of infection and complications and need the third dose quickly”.
After recalling that “the application of vaccines is jurisdictional, so logistics and distribution depend on the Ministry of Health, but the vaccine capacity is basically from each province,” López considered that “It is essential that especially the elderly receive the third dose because they are the ones that have what is called immunosenescence, which is a lower capacity to produce antibodies.”
On the other hand, the infectologist pointed out that “In almost all vaccines, it is being seen that after six to eight months the amount of antibodies decreases significantly and could potentially put the population that did not receive the third dose at riskThis is why these defined groups should give it as soon as possible, mainly these defined groups: those over 70 regardless of which vaccine they have received, those over 50 who received Sinopharm, which is inactivated virus and requires several doses to have good levels of antibodies, the staff of health, that in its majority received the Sputnik V vaccine, and along with them the immunosuppressed ones, that have less capacity to produce sufficient levels of antibodies to protect themselves from the virus ”.
“We must remember that when the antibodies lower the risk of developing a more serious disease is present, therefore in that sense we must invoke the population to be vaccinated”Lopez concluded.