The second day of the OAS Assembly begins with the crisis in Nicaragua and the post-pandemic challenges as central themes

The crisis in Nicaragua and the post pandemic challenges are the central themes of the second day of the 51 General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), issues that began to be discussed this Wednesday at the opening of sessions.

At the beginning of the second day of debate, at the point of approval of the agenda, complained the representative of the Daniel Ortega regime. “We reject in the most categorical way the inclusion (of the situation in Nicaragua) on the agenda. We demand that all member states respect the principles of national sovereignty”, Indicated the delegate of the Central American country.

And followed: “The elections were free, transparent and sovereign. Nicaragua respects itself. We request that our rejection of this item on the agenda be recorded in the minutes”. Despite your intention, the issue will be on the agenda as stipulated since your treatment was approved.

In the point referred to credentials, the representative of Mexico protested because the Venezuelan opposition, led by Juan Guaidó, has representation in the OAS. He asked that a footnote be included in each intervention by Julio Borges.

For its part, the delegate of Bolivia expressed himself along the same lines and it even went further: “Bolivia does not accept the credentials of an alleged delegation of representatives of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela”.

Meanwhile, the envoy from Nicaragua stated the same: “We reject the inclusion of anyone who is in place of the government of Nicolás Maduro”.

Argentina also went in the same direction. Your Vice Chancellor, Pablo Anselmo Tettamanti, said: “Argentina understands that there are clear rules. Necessary steps should be taken to correct these distortions”, He stressed. And he added: “We consider that it is necessary to evaluate the situation (that the government of Venezuela is not included in the sessions of the organization).”

The Venezuelan dictator, Nicolas Maduro, said in 2018 that his country was leaving the OAS. However, before the deadline for the departure to be finalized, Guaidó took office and sent a letter saying that Venezuela was not going to withdraw. That year, the OAS General Assembly debated the issue and decided by majority that Venezuela was still represented at the OAS for Gustavo Tarre.

Since then, Maduro’s allied countries, starting with Mexico, whenever there is a general assembly say they do not recognize Tarre and question his credentials. But Argentina had never joined that group of nations that they questioned. This was the first time.

Pablo Tettamanti, Argentine Vice Chancellor

Delegations from 34 member states are participating until Friday in the deliberations of the main body of the OAS, which has met annually since 1971 and on this occasion has Guatemala as its virtual headquarters.

The issue of the political crisis in Nicaragua is on the organization’s agenda”, Made clear the Secretary General of the OAS, Luis Almagro, at a pre-installation conference.

In the opening session, in addition to Almagro, the president of Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei, and his chancellor, Pedro Brolo, among other authorities.

Nicaragua writes a new chapter of the crisis it has faced since 2018 after Sunday Ortega won his fifth and fourth consecutive term in elections that have been disqualified by the bulk of the international community.

The elections took place after the detention since last May of some thirty opponents, among them seven aspiring presidential candidates, and the cancellation of three political parties.

Almagro left in the hands of the countries that make up that body the possible application of the Democratic Charter to Nicaragua and clarified that he does not want to “influence”In the work ahead.

However, the permanent representative of Nicaragua to the OAS, Arturo McField Yescas, came out in defense of his country this Wednesday and assured that the electoral day passed “in freedom and without blackmail”.

McField, when intervening in a dialogue between members and observers of the OAS, stressed that in his country they voted with “65% participation” and that 75% of the voters supported Ortega.

Luis Almagro (EFE / Lenin Nolly / Archive)
Luis Almagro (EFE / Lenin Nolly / Archive)

An assembly in difficult times

For the secretary general, this Wednesday began a “Critical assembly in difficult times“And recalled that the OAS, as the political forum of the hemisphere,”has to respond to the main challenges”Facing the region.

One of those challenges is pandemic, which hit the American continent hard.

In the last week alone, America registered 700,000 new infections and 13,000 deaths related to COVID-19, according to the Pan American Health Organization.

Regarding the pandemic, Almagro warned that “There is still no clarity about the end of it and the beginning of the post-pandemic“, So he considered that there is” much work to do “and” solutions to provide people. “

The secretary highlighted that this Assembly has as its central theme “For a renewed America“And called for a”renewal“Of the region, noting that it has been the”epicenter“From a pandemic that hit her”in times of low economic growth and low job creation”.

In this context, he considered “fundamental”The implementation of a regional plan for equitable access to vaccines against COVID-19, a call also joined by Giammattei, the host president.

“To date, 46% of the Americas are fully vaccinated. Nevertheless, some countries still face obstacles to reach coverage with data around 20%”, Affirmed the governor in his speech.

The crisis in Nicaragua is one of the central issues.  In the photo, Daniel Ortega (EFE / Jorge Torres / Archive)
The crisis in Nicaragua is one of the central issues. In the photo, Daniel Ortega (EFE / Jorge Torres / Archive)

Giammattei warned of the “devastating impact“That has had the pandemic”exacerbating pre-existing social gaps, causing an uncertain social landscape, especially in women and children”.

Secondly, Almagro emphasized migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, noting that they have increased due to the “Serious problems” that Venezuela is going through, as well as the economic and social situation of the countries of the Northern Triangle of Central America, of Haiti, Nicaragua and Cuba.

The conclave has planned four plenary sessions between Thursday and Friday. During these meetings they will discuss 16 resolutions covering topics such as the promotion of human rights, the strengthening of democracy, and the promotion of hemispheric security.

In addition, authorities will be elected from the organs that make up the OAS.

On Tuesday, a business forum and dialogue were held between the authorities of the OAS and civil society organizations, and this Wednesday the day began with a meeting between the secretary general and the heads of delegation of permanent observers accredited to this body. established in Washington.

According to the Deputy Secretary General of the OAS, Nestor Mendez, for this assembly they have registered 651 participants, among them 250 representatives of the member countries led by 27 ministers and foreign ministers.

Among the confirmed attendees are the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, the Canadian Foreign Minister, Mélanie Joly, as well as his colleagues from Argentina, Santiago Andrés Cafiero; Brazil, Carlos Alberto Franco França; Bolivia, Rogelio Mayta; Chile, Andrés Allamad, and Colombia, Marta Lucía Ramírez, among others.

(With information from EFE)


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