In the last two years, almost 6.3 million Mexicans are no longer middle class: Inegi

Lower-income areas continue to send their inhabitants to work and in search of a livelihood for the home. So far, 486 deaths and 6,297 positives have been confirmed (Photo: Cuartoscuro)

The COVID-19 pandemic caused almost 6.3 million Mexicans will cease to belong to the middle class, according to data from the National Survey of Household Income and Expenditure, of the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi).

And it is that in 2018, the proportion of people who belonged to the middle class in Mexico was 42.7%, the highest point in the last 20 years. However, in 2020 middle class decreased to 37.2%; a figure that is even lower than in 2010, when 39.2% of Mexicans were middle class.

This means, in absolute numbers, that Mexico went from having 53.4 million people in the middle class to only 47.2 million, between 2018 and 2020.

According to Inegi, “the condition of the middle class not only involves a socio-economic nature, but also a socio-cultural one, the latter more elusive or not easy to define.”

Therefore, to measure the middle class in Mexico, the institute also takes into account, in addition to income, updated consumption patterns, access to education, among other factors.

However, it is roughly considered that, on average, middle class households in Mexico have a monthly income of 22,297 pesos. But among the middle class people who earn up to 48,330 pesos per month.

Likewise, in this sector of the population, 74% have access to the internet; 61.6% have a car; 55.3% have pay TV and 41.7% have a credit card. In addition, 31.5% attend private school and 20.4% have domestic service.

In 2018, 55.8% of Mexicans were poor. But this proportion rose to 62%, in 2020, as an effect of the pandemic. This means that Mexico continues to be a predominantly poor country, despite the advances of previous years.

In Mexico, there are not only 1,023,004 people belonging to the upper class, that is, only 0.8% of the Mexican population.

On average, lower-class households earn 11,343 pesos, while upper-class households earn 77,975 pesos per month.

The entities with the highest presence of the middle class are: Mexico City, Colima, Jalisco, Baja California, Sonora and Baja California Sur.

While the states with the least presence are Oaxaca, Guerrero and Chiapas.

The average age of this sector of the population is 35.9 years and 47.3% are married.

Regarding education, 51.2% of adults in this class have an average year of higher education.

After the results of the midterm elections last July, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador launched himself against this important segment of the population, whom he described as “little aspirational, selfish and who want to succeed at all costs.”

In his opinion, “a member of the middle-middle, upper-middle class, even with a bachelor’s degree, a master’s degree, a doctorate, no! Is very difficult to convince [del proyecto de la 4T]”.

Considering the results of the elections, some of the states where the opposition won are entities whose middle class has a relevant weight. For example, in Mexico City, where the opposition won nine of 16 mayoralties, this social stratum is dominant, with 58.9% of households, and it is the highest rate nationwide.

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